The study indicated that higher maternal age (?25 years) was associated with complementary feeding practices, with variations across the regions in India. Specifically, while older mothers were less likely to introduce complementary foods to their infants in the West and Central regions, Northern and Central, older mothers were more likely to have infants who met the MDD and MAD compared to younger mothers (< 25 years) in those regions. Such significant effects of maternal age on complementary feeding suggests that the mother's experience may play a significant role in appropriate IYCF practices. Our findings are consistent with evidence from Nepal which indicated that children of older mothers (?35 years) were more likely to meet MDD and MAD compared with children of younger mothers (< 20 years) . Our study findings imply that IYCF policy and interventions should also focus on younger mothers who are likely to be primiparous women with little experience in IYCF practices.
The current analysis along with indicated that girls autonomy more than household earnings and you may command over household commands was indeed of the subservient feeding methods, which have provable regional distinctions across India. These show can be due to high maternal knowledge, this new liberty to restore guidance and you can relate solely to others external of one’s members of the family in the reunions or areas and you may experience of media [forty five, 46]. Including, high control of new money and you will news visibility get indicate a high likelihood of most readily useful resources allocated to have child diet [twenty six, forty-five, 47, 48]. Our very own findings was in fact in keeping with individuals regional degree within the India and this revealed that maternal liberty are in the teens nutrients [49,50,51].
Certain methodological limitations need to be considered when interpreting the study show. Basic, all the info to your questionnaire is according to interviews and you will subjective responses from moms and dads, plus the performance tends to be affected by bear in mind prejudice. Yet not, the newest analyses were limited by the most up-to-date child, real time and coping with brand new respondent to reduce the possibility impression of recall bias to the noticed connection. Second, how many ANC visits were appreciated because of the mom which could have underestimated otherwise overestimated the real quantity of ANC check outs. This may lead to a prospective measurement misclassification bias, which have after that under- or overestimation of your connection between volume of ANC check outs and you may subservient eating means. Third, we were not able to assess all potential confounding activities (for instance the form of local foods and you may cultural techniques relating in order to IYCF, health worker’s knowledge of IYCF practices or members of the family assistance systems and you will dynamics). This may have an impact on the fresh new relationship amongst the visibility and you will result details. Lastly, the fresh new institution regarding temporal relationship within data are hopeless considering using mix-sectional studies, where both exposure and you will benefit parameters have been accumulated as well.
Even with these restrictions, the research enjoys pros. All of our research used the current and you can nationwide member analysis (NFHS-4) to own Asia. Brand new NFHS-4 data was taken from a larger shot compared to the past federal surveys, indicating which our results much more user of Indian populace into the guiding upwards-to-go out and you may research-created policy interventions. The information made use of was equivalent across the countries inside the India once the these people were collected because of the educated professionals which put standard questionnaires and methodology. The analysis findings is actually unlikely are affected by choice prejudice since the survey yielded higher answers pricing, more than 94%.
The analysis found regional differences in incidence and you will affairs of this subservient feeding signs around the India. Southern area region with the brand new North-eastern part got a higher incidence from complementary giving techniques compared to most other places. Moms and dads that have degree, those regarding richer properties and moms and dads just who produced constant ANC visits were more likely to has actually suitable complementary giving practices in contrast to parents and no schooling, the individuals of poorer home and mothers exactly who produced zero ANC check outs across Indian nations. This research shows that efforts to fully improve complementary giving practices need feel framework-specific and really should address mothers with vulnerabilities, also those people out of poorer socioeconomic backgrounds with no ANC visits. Findings using this studies do help plan decision-companies and personal fitness professionals when you look at the money allotment adjust subservient feeding methods for the Asia.